ShakeAlert® comes to Washington on May 4
Maximilian Dixon, Geologic Hazards Supervisor for Washington Emergency Management Division
Maximilian.Dixon@mil.wa.gov or (253) 273-3395
CAMP MURRAY, WASH. – The ShakeAlert® Earthquake Early Warning system will go live in Washington state on May 4, completing the West Coast rollout of the new technology. The system operated by the U.S Geological Survey in cooperation with the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network is capable of giving residents seconds of warning before earthquake shaking arrives.
“Nothing can replace families having an emergency plan in place and being at least two weeks ready,” said Gov. Jay Inslee. “We all know an earthquake could strike at any time. An Earthquake Early Warning system could provide the critical time needed for Washingtonians to drop, cover and hold on. It has the potential to save lives and reduce damage to critical infrastructure.”
This is not earthquake prediction. The alert system rapidly detects and provides information about earthquakes that have already begun and includes an estimate of the earthquake size, precise location and the shaking it may produce. Alerts may be delivered to mobile phones in areas that could experience weak or greater shaking in Washington state.
Though the system will be operational, there remains more work to do. The U.S. Geological Survey and its state and university partners, including the University of Washington, will be adding more seismometers to the network through late 2025 to further enhance the system’s capability. The sensor network is only about 65% complete for Washington state. Additional work with alert distribution partners is needed to improve the delivery speed of alerts to mobile phones for all earthquakes. Algorithms that estimate earthquake size and shaking continue to be tested and improved to ensure the system’s performance in megathrust events (i.e. the “Big One” Cascadia Subduction Zone). With the current ShakeAlert® system, in an M9 Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake, alerts will be sent but users farthest away from the epicenter may not receive an alert.
Since the majority of earthquake-related injuries are caused by people getting hit by falling objects or falling down while moving during the shaking, seconds of warning will let people take protective action before shaking begins, reducing the chance of injuries. In most situations, drop, cover and hold on is the recommended way to protect yourself from earthquakes.
The system also has the potential to automatically close water valves to protect water supplies, lift fire station doors so first responders can get vehicles and equipment out, slow down trains so they don’t derail and even warn hospitals to halt surgeries, among many other capabilities. Dozens of pilot projects in Washington are already testing this technology to reduce earthquake damage.
There will be no tests of the system on May 4. Partners are still examining test results from a Wireless Emergency Alert test conducted in February. On or before May 4, residents will want to check their phones to ensure that Wireless Emergency Alerts are turned on. Most carriers have this setting turned on automatically, but some people have chosen to disable them. Learn how at https://mil.wa.gov/alerts
When the system goes live, Google has notified our agency that users of Android phones will have the potential to get notifications through both Wireless Emergency Alerts and their phones’ own built-in software (which doesn’t require a specific app). Users will receive Earthquake Alerts only if they have their device location setting on and Earthquake Alerts enabled in their location settings.
Washington Emergency Management Division will host a webinar on Thursday, April 29 where partners will present key information about the ShakeAlert® Earthquake Early Warning system launch. This webinar is intended for anyone who wants to learn more about the ShakeAlert® Earthquake Early Warning system in Washington and will be recorded and posted later on our YouTube Channel.
We will explain what the system is, how it works and the multiple ways you can get alerts on your mobile phone. Experts will share how you can protect yourself before, during and after earthquakes and share tips on how you can be prepared.
ShakeAlert® Earthquake Early Warning Webinar Information
- Thursday, April 29 from 10 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.
- Free webinar hosted on MS Teams and no registration is needed
- Machine-generated captions available in English, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian and Vietnamese
- Approximately a 60-minute presentation with time for Q&A at the end
- WEBINAR LINK: http://bit.ly/WAShakeAlert
Please click this link at 10 a.m. on Thursday, April 29 to join the webinar.
Check to make sure your alerts are set at mil.wa.gov/alerts
For more on how Earthquake Early Warning will work in Washington state, visit https://www.pnsn.org/pnsn-data-products/earthquake-early-warning
For more on ShakeAlert, visit https://www.shakealert.org/
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